By Umberto Eco
The manner we create and manage wisdom is the subject matter of From the Tree to the Labyrinth, an enormous fulfillment by way of one of many world's ideal thinkers on language and interpretation. Umberto Eco starts via arguing that our commonplace process of category by means of genus and species derives from the Neo-Platonist inspiration of a "tree of knowledge." He then strikes to the belief of the dictionary, which--like a tree whose trunk anchors a superb hierarchy of branching categories--orders wisdom right into a matrix of definitions. In Eco's view, notwithstanding, the dictionary is just too inflexible: it turns wisdom right into a closed process. A extra versatile organizational scheme is the encyclopedia, which--instead of akin to a tree with finite branches--offers a labyrinth of endless pathways. offering wisdom as a community of interlinked relationships, the encyclopedia sacrifices humankind's dream of owning absolute wisdom, yet in repayment we achieve the liberty to pursue an infinity of latest connections and meanings.
Moving without difficulty from analyses of Aristotle and James Joyce to the philosophical problems of telling canines from cats, Eco demonstrates many times his inimitable skill to bridge historical, medieval, and smooth modes of idea. From the Tree to the Labyrinth is an excellent representation of Eco's longstanding argument that difficulties of interpretation should be solved merely in old context.